Treatment For Tonsillitis

How to Treat Tonsillitis

Tonsillitis refers to a condition which is characterized by the inflammation and swelling of the tonsils. Tonsils refer to two masses of tissues at the back of the throat. They act as filters which help to trap germs that may enter the airways and cause infection.

Tonsils also help to produce antibodies which fight infections in the body. When the tonsils are infected by microbes, they become infected. This results into tonsillitis. Tonsillitis is prevalent in children and adolescents and often occurs recurrently.

Tonsillitis may be caused by viruses or bacteria; viral tonsillitis is however common. Streptococcus pyogenes is the viral strain that is responsible for tonsillitis.

Other strains which may cause tonsillitis include adenoviruses, influenza virus, Epstein-Barr virus, parainfluenza viruses, Enteroviruses, and herpes simplex virus.

When tonsillitis is caused by viruses or bacteria, the treatment methods used are similar.

Patients who are victims of tonsillitis often experience severe pains and discomfort. Once treatments are commenced, the symptoms disappear within a few days. The important functions performed by tonsils in the body means their defects must be avoided.

Symptoms of Tonsillitis

A lot of symptoms are manifest at the outset of tonsillitis. However the general symptoms experienced by victims of tonsillitis include the tonsils, throat pain, redness coloration of the tonsils, appearance of a white or yellow coating on the tonsils, painful ulcers, severe headache, loss of appetite, fever and bad breaths. The victim may also face difficulties in swallowing.

While some of these symptoms may resemble those of other infections, a proper diagnosis by your physician will reveal the actual cause of infection. When tonsillitis is diagnosed, your physician prescribes the appropriate treatment prescriptions.

Treatments for Tonsillitis

There has been no specific treatment for tonsillitis. The present approaches provide relief to all symptoms after a few days of usage.

In other cases, your doctor may prescribe treatment for each symptom until they all disappear. This may be carried out after a diagnosis is carried out.

Some of the approaches that are used to cure tonsillitis include the following:

  • Getting Plenty of Rest

Allowing the body to rest heals a lot of defects in the body. Stress is a leading cause of several ailments in the body including tonsillitis.

A high stress level prevents all medications from functioning as desired and this may cause your tonsillitis to linger for too long. All activities that require high energy must also be avoided as they pile pressure on the body.

  • Treat sore throat and other symptoms

Tonsillitis usually comes with sore throats, fever and other symptoms. In order to your cure tonsillitis quickly, you should treat each of these symptoms separately. You can use over the counter antibiotics to cure sore throat. In the absence of this, you can drink warm water to help moisten the throat.

Swellings in the throat may also be relieved by applying ice. If you have trouble swallowing food, you should take more of soft foods and fruit smoothies. Yoghurt, mashed potatoes and apple sauce are some of the options you can consider.

You can also use Licorice root to soothe inflamed throats. It has been proven to provide relief from pains.

  • Strengthen Your Immune System

A strengthened immune system will protect the body from tonsillitis and other forms of infections. Eating the right food in the required amount is a good way to boost the immune system. Certain food items prevent inflammations and promote blood flow to all parts of the body. This helps to protect the body from microbes which may cause tonsillitis.

Since symptoms of tonsillitis resemble those of other mild infections, a proper consultation with a health expert is usually advised.

Treatment for Pneumonia

Treatment For Pneumonia in Adults

Pneumonia generally refers to lung infections that can be caused by some Infectious agents such as viruses, bacteria, fungi, and parasites. Symptoms of the illness can in form of fever, chills, shortness of breath, coughing that produces phlegm, and chest pain.

Mild Pneumonia can be treated at home with antibiotics and other natural remedies but some chronic cases of pneumonia may require a prompt medical attention. Vaccines can be used to combat some of the popular infectious agents that cause pneumonia.

There many ways to combat pneumonia. But whichever treatment employed depends on some certain conditions such as, the cause of pneumonia, how strong is the symptoms, age of the affected individual and overall health history. Though pneumonia is known to be a deadly illness but most people recover from pneumonia within 1 to 3 weeks.

Pneumonia Diagnosis

Pneumonia can be diagnosed using the following method:

  • Physical examination: the doctor will use a stethoscope to listen to your lungs, to check for signs like bubbling, crackling, wheezing and rumbling sounds when you breathe in.
  • Chest X-ray this may be required to confirm a case of pneumonia in your lungs and usually, this comes after a physical.

Some other tests that may be needed include:

  • Blood test to check out the white blood cell count and to try to confirm presence of germ in your blood
  • Arterial blood gases to check if lungs are pumping enough blood to your blood
  • CAT (CT) usually needed to scan and have a better view of the lungs
  • Sputum tests to check for the type of organism causing your symptoms
  • Pleural fluid culture to know if there is a presence of fluid in the space around the lungs
  • Pulse oximetry to measure how much oxygen is pumped into your bloodstream, and its carry out by simply attaching a small clip to your finger for a brief time
  • Bronchoscopy, a measure used to check into the lungs’ air passage, this will be performed if antibiotics is not working for you

Treatment for Pneumonia

Pneumonia treatment depends on the type of pneumonia you have and how chronic it is. While most people can respond well to home treatment others while have to be taken to a medical doctor for proper treatment.

For mild pneumonia the following tips can be of great help to alleviate the symptoms:

  • Drink lot of fluids as this helps to loosen secretions and produce more phlegm.
  • Rest more; get other to help you do the household chores.
  • Take Paracetamol, ibuprofen, naproxen or acetaminophen. To get rid of fever.
  • Take enough antibiotics as prescribed.

Types of pneumonia

Pneumonia can be caused by either bacteria or viruses in a case where it is caused by viruses its called viral pneumonia and where it is caused by bacteria, it is referred to as bacterial pneumonia

Viral Pneumonia

Antibiotics usually don’t work for viral pneumonia, however, your doctor may employ some antiviral medication to make you feel better. Viral pneumonia usually reduces within 1 to 3 weeks.

Bacterial Pneumonia

People with mild pneumonia mostly look healthy and are sometimes treated with oral macrolide antibiotics (azithromycin, clarithromycin, or erythromycin) to cure the symptoms.

Pneumonia Prevention

The following steps can help to prevent pneumonia:

  • Ensure you Breastfeed your baby for more than four months to help boost their immune system
  • Keep your kid away from second hand smoke
  • Ensure your home is well ventilated and warm
  • Get your kids vaccinated against pneumococcal disease, Haemophilus influenza type b, whooping cough, and influenza
  • Encourage regular and thorough hand-washing
  • Avoiding contact with people who are suffering from flu, colds, or other infections.

Treatment of Vitiligo

Causes and Treatment of Vitiligo

Vitiligo refers to the continual and problems which produce patches of white depigmentation. This depigmentation develops and covers certain sections of the skin.

The patches occur due to the death of when melanocytes within the skin. Melanocytes are the body cells responsible for producing melanin. Melanin gives skin its color and protects it from harmful UV rays of the sum.

Vitiligo affects different portions of the skin depending on the individual. Apart from the skin, vitiligo has also been reported to affect eyes, hair, floor of the mouth and mucus membranes.

In vitiligo, the hair turns white, the mouth becomes colorless and the eye loses its colors too.

Vitiligo on its own is not contagious. It is not life-threatening in all cases. However, the condition has far reaching effects on the individual which may affect the victim’s lifestyle.

Often times, victims become more withdrawn from the society. Depression may also occur.

Since vitiligo is a life-time disease, it is important to come up with management strategies from the early stage. A good management strategy informs more people about the infection and makes treatment information available whenever it is required.

What are the causes of vitiligo?

The exact cause of vitiligo has not been identified. There are claims that vitiligo may actually be a disease of the autoimmune system. Autoimmune diseases occur when cells of the immune system attacks own body cells. This results into destruction of melanocytes in the skin according to the claims. Apart from this, mutations in the genetic set up may cause an individual to have vitiligo.

Another theory from skin experts state that melanocytes can actually destroy themselves. Other incidents such as sunburn or emotional distress can cause vitiligo. It must be stated that all these claims have not evaluated and implicated in vitiligo.

Vitiligo has varied symptoms and signs. They include white, patches of skin in any part of the body. Another prominent sign of vitiligo is loss of skin color.

Statistics have revealed that most victims of vitiligo are between the age of 20 and 40. People with family history of Vitiligo have higher chances of developing it. In many cases, Vitiligo may come up as signs from other underlying infections. Some of its symptoms are similar to those of popular skin diseases.

Since vitiligo does not have inflict pains or discomfort on the individual, it may be difficult to detect. In other words, a confirmation from your physician may be what you need to let you know.

The emotional consequences it bears on the victim may however result into depression and accumulated stress level. Vitiligo has no known cure. Notwithstanding, use of sunscreen and female makeup is believed to help greatly.

Treatment of vitiligo

Phototherapy with ultraviolet radiations can help to treat vitiligo. This method is widely used by a lot of health providers. Before applying the UVA, medications are first recommended to raise the skin’s sensitivity to high light intensity. Once this is done, the skin becomes ready for the procedures. It may take a long period time to notice the results of this method.

Skin camouflage

At the early stages of vitiligo, a skin camouflage may be used to conceal the white patches created caused by vitiligo. Colored creams and makeup may be used as the concealer.

Creams and cosmetics can last for up to 96 hours when they are correctly applied to the white spots. They are also able to withstand water splashes.

Depigmenting

If the white patches cover large areas of the skin, depigmentation may be used. The process reduces skin color in the areas not affected by vitiligo so that they can match with the areas with white spots.

Epilepsy Treatment

Treatments for Epilepsy And Seizures

Epilepsy refers to a chronic disorder that is characterized by recurrent seizures. It is a group of disorders which have tendencies for unprovoked and recurrent seizures. A seizure is a rush of electrical activities in the brain.

Seizures and epilepsy are categorized into many divisions. Seizure on its own has two classifications. These include generalized seizures and focal seizures. While generalized seizure affects the entire brain, focal seizures affect some parts of the brain.

Patients who are epileptic may experience mild seizures which last for only a few seconds. During this period, the victim remains unconscious of happenings around him.

According to reports obtained from World Health Organization (WHO), epilepsy is the fourth most common diseases of the nervous system. Worldwide, about 65 million have epilepsy. In the United States alone, about 3 million people are affected. The prevalence of epilepsy is higher in males than females.

When the seizures are stronger and more powerful, the victims can experience spasms and uncontrollable muscle twitches which may last for a few minutes.

On several occasions, people who suffer from epileptic usually experience the two types of seizures. They may show symptoms of other neurological conditions which can aggravate their conditions.

Seizures are the results of surges in electrical activities within the brain. In most cases, the brain becomes overwhelmed by these electrical surges.

These surges cause temporary disturbances in the messaging systems of brain cells. Biological activities in the victim’s brain become halted during seizures. This halt often persists till the seizure stops.

Causes of seizures

There are several factors responsible for seizures and epilepsy. Some of these include high fever, head trauma, low blood sugar and a loss of urine. Other symptoms may come up especially during the seizures.

The victim may also appear restless or seem to be in great discomfort shortly the attack. Rhythmic movements of the arms and legs for a few seconds are also observed. In addition to this, some epileptic patients often give out sounds during attack.

The eyes may also remain open. It takes a few minutes for the victim to regain consciousness.

What Are the Treatments for Epilepsy?

In most cases of epilepsy, drugs are usually prescribed to control the seizures. Surgeries are not recommended except when medications are not effective.

The first step towards the treatment of epilepsy starts with visiting your doctor. Your doctor will subject you to several diagnostic tests to examine the present stages of the stages.

Once your physician is satisfied with the tests, he writes out a list of medications to cure your ailment. In cases where certain infections of the brain are responsible for the epilepsy, surgeries may be carried out to get rid of those infections.

There are a number of anti-epileptic drugs available. Depending on the results of your tests, your doctor will prescribe a suitable medication. Medications are currently the common approach to fight epilepsy.

Anti-epileptic drugs must be used with great cautions. The type of drug administered also depends on tolerance to side effects and individual genetic composition.

When drugs seem not to be efficient, surgeries may be recommended. Apart from this, vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) may be prescribed. Epileptic drugs are orally taken.

You must inform your doctor if there is any history of allergies to drugs of if you have other nervous infections in the past. This will guide his decision on the type of drugs to prescribe.

All over the world, especially in the underdeveloped countries, epileptic patients are subjected to stigmatization and dehumanizing conditions by people around them. Epilepsy can be cured if the right approaches are adopted.

Dry Cough Treatment – How To Get Rid of Dry Cough

How To Get Rid of Dry Cough

Suffering from dry cough is not a pleasant experience. The embarrassment that results from having to cough out in crowded areas to the discomforting feeling of irritation in the throat and chest region-it may even result in sleepless nights.

In such conditions, all you’ll mostly focus on is how to get rid of the dry cough and move on with normal daily activities. In this post we will explore the effective dry cough treatments available.

WHAT IS DRY COUGH?

Firstly, it is important for you to know that there are two types of cough: dry cough and productive or wet cough. Different medications are used to treat each type. A productive or wet cough is usually useful; it is your body’s way of getting rid of mucus (phlegm) and clearing out the lung and upper airways.

On the other hand, a dry cough is not associated with any mucus production, and is mostly characterized by an irritation at the back of your throat. It is usually a severe hacking cough accompanied by sore throat, mild fever, short dry breath, and chest pain.

A dry cough can be the result of viral infection, cold, allergies, acid reflux (Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease GERD), cigarette smoke or exposure to other air pollutant that could irritate the lung or throat.

DRY COUGH TREATMENT.

There are various treatment methods that you could employ to get rid of dry cough, they include:

  • Natural/herbal medication and
  • Use of prescribe medicine for dry cough.

Know the root cause of your dry cough can help you both prevent the cough and apply the right treatment. For instance, if you know that you are allergic to a particular substance, you could simple avoid it to prevent getting a dry cough.

DRY COUGH MEDICINE.

Before you take any medication for dry cough it is advisable to consult your doctor. Self-prescription could prove dangerous and effective-besides, there could be unknown side effects. Dry cough can easily be treated by using cough suppressant available at most pharmaceutical stores.

Dry cough caused by bacteria can be treated using common antibiotic medicine. However if allergies, cold, flu, cigarette smoke or other airborne pollutant are the cause of your cough you could use nasal steroids, antihistamines, immunotherapy, cough syrup and decongestants to effectively treat the cough.

A major constituent to look for in dry cough medicine is Pseudoephedrine or Phenylephrine. Studies have shown that the activity of these medications helps to remediate dry cough by increasing the immunity of our system and stretching the body’s resistance to infections. They also reduce the inflammation at the back of the throat that causes irritation.

NATURAL OR HERBAL MEDICATION.

Before the advent of conventional drugs, natural or herbal medications were used to effectively treat dry cough. A common natural treatment is the use of honey.

Just taking a little spoon full of honey will help to reduce the irritation at the back of your throat, and suppress the dry cough. Other effective medications for dry cough include: Ginger peppermint syrup, steam from hot water, gargling with salt water, hot drinks, etc.

Herbal plants with medicinal properties that have been used to effectively treat dry cough include: Marshmallow, Mullein, Pin shoots extract, Spruce shoot extract, etc.

With early diagnosis and treatment, a dry cough should not exceed 2-3 weeks. There are severe cases of dry cough that may be indications of more serious medical conditions such as: asthma, lung problem or cancer, whooping cough, Tuberculosis, and heart disease.

Generally if your cough persists after 2 week of medication please consult your doctor for proper diagnosis and treatment.