Causes and Treatment of Vitiligo
Vitiligo refers to the continual and problems which produce patches of white depigmentation. This depigmentation develops and covers certain sections of the skin.
The patches occur due to the death of when melanocytes within the skin. Melanocytes are the body cells responsible for producing melanin. Melanin gives skin its color and protects it from harmful UV rays of the sum.
Vitiligo affects different portions of the skin depending on the individual. Apart from the skin, vitiligo has also been reported to affect eyes, hair, floor of the mouth and mucus membranes.
In vitiligo, the hair turns white, the mouth becomes colorless and the eye loses its colors too.
Vitiligo on its own is not contagious. It is not life-threatening in all cases. However, the condition has far reaching effects on the individual which may affect the victim’s lifestyle.
Often times, victims become more withdrawn from the society. Depression may also occur.
Since vitiligo is a life-time disease, it is important to come up with management strategies from the early stage. A good management strategy informs more people about the infection and makes treatment information available whenever it is required.
What are the causes of vitiligo?
The exact cause of vitiligo has not been identified. There are claims that vitiligo may actually be a disease of the autoimmune system. Autoimmune diseases occur when cells of the immune system attacks own body cells. This results into destruction of melanocytes in the skin according to the claims. Apart from this, mutations in the genetic set up may cause an individual to have vitiligo.
Another theory from skin experts state that melanocytes can actually destroy themselves. Other incidents such as sunburn or emotional distress can cause vitiligo. It must be stated that all these claims have not evaluated and implicated in vitiligo.
Vitiligo has varied symptoms and signs. They include white, patches of skin in any part of the body. Another prominent sign of vitiligo is loss of skin color.
Statistics have revealed that most victims of vitiligo are between the age of 20 and 40. People with family history of Vitiligo have higher chances of developing it. In many cases, Vitiligo may come up as signs from other underlying infections. Some of its symptoms are similar to those of popular skin diseases.
Since vitiligo does not have inflict pains or discomfort on the individual, it may be difficult to detect. In other words, a confirmation from your physician may be what you need to let you know.
The emotional consequences it bears on the victim may however result into depression and accumulated stress level. Vitiligo has no known cure. Notwithstanding, use of sunscreen and female makeup is believed to help greatly.
Treatment of vitiligo
Phototherapy with ultraviolet radiations can help to treat vitiligo. This method is widely used by a lot of health providers. Before applying the UVA, medications are first recommended to raise the skin’s sensitivity to high light intensity. Once this is done, the skin becomes ready for the procedures. It may take a long period time to notice the results of this method.
At the early stages of vitiligo, a skin camouflage may be used to conceal the white patches created caused by vitiligo. Colored creams and makeup may be used as the concealer.
Creams and cosmetics can last for up to 96 hours when they are correctly applied to the white spots. They are also able to withstand water splashes.
If the white patches cover large areas of the skin, depigmentation may be used. The process reduces skin color in the areas not affected by vitiligo so that they can match with the areas with white spots.